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All about the Chihuahua Breed

The Chihuahua

“The character of the Chihuahua is such that, once you have owned one, you will find it difficult to live without one. The character and personality of the Chihuahua are so endearing that one becomes passionately fond of the breed. They speak with their eyes and love with all their hearts. It is not amazing that so many assets, attributes and love could be packed into a dog of such diminutive size? Viva Chihuahua! - Jean Viljoen, The New Chihuahua Encyclopedia,2004 pg5”

Chihuahuas provide endless entertainment, love, laughter and loyalty to their owners. These little lap dogs will steal your heart and will be totally devoted to only you. All they need in return is lots of love and attention. You can try and own only one, but you’ll soon learn that one is just not enough and before you know, you’ll become a Chihuahuaholic.

Description Big, round, dark eyes
Large ears
Short muzzle
Round apple dome head
Tiny yet stout body
Short legs
Temperament Courageous
Height 15 to 23 centimetres
Weight 1 to 3 kilograms
Health Problems Prone to Rheumatism
Corneal dryness
Susceptible to fractures
Patellar luxation – moving or dislocating kneecap
Tendency to wheeze and snore
Prone to stress
Hypoglycemia – Low blood sugar
Tracheal Collapse – Rings in windpipe collapsing
Hydrocephalus – Water on the brain
Living Conditions Good for apartment life
Likes warm weather
Has to be kept indoors
Ideal lap pet
Exercise Requires limited mild exercise on a daily base
Life Expectancy Average of 15 to 20 years
Grooming Smooth Coat brushed occasionally
Long Coat brushed weekly
Regular baths
Regular nail clipping
Litter Size Average of 1-4 puppies
Origin Mexico

Click here for KUSA Chihuahua Breed Standards

Buying a Chihuahua Puppy

Why a Chihuahua Puppy?
  • Very loving and loyal companion for life
  • Affectionate and cuddly, the ideal lap dog
  • Due to size they can easily be carried to accompany you anywhere
  • Very good watch dog that will protect you with their lives
  • Adapt easily to apartment living
  • Housetrain easily
  • Odourless coat
  • Very intelligent little dogs
  • Cost minimal to maintain
How to choose a Chihuahua Puppy
  • Never accept a puppy younger than 8 weeks
  • Make sure the puppy's nose is not dry
  • Never choose the puppy with a dry skin or dull coat
  • A swollen stomach can be an indication of a worm infestation
  • Gums should be a healthy pink and eyes must be bright and full of life
  • Puppy's rear must be clear of any stains, marks or swelling indicating diarrhoea
  • Ensure registry body used by breeder will be sufficient for your requirements, should you want to show or breed now or at a later stage
What you need to know about your Chihuahua puppy
  • Chihuahua Puppies cannot be left with small children without supervision
  • An upset tummy can kill a Chihuahua Puppy, if not treated and should be taken to the Vet if problem persists
  • Never let your Chihuahua Puppy jump of anything that is high, they will get hurt
  • Your Chihuahua Puppy must be kept warm

IMPORTANT: Take puppy to vet for examination within 72hours of purchase, should vet pick up any health problems, report to Breeder immediately.

Why not buy from a pet shop?

Most pet shops will sell cheap dogs, mostly not pedigreed and mostly crossbreeds. You may end up with a dog with serious genetic problems. The biggest reason not to buy from a pet shop is that they get their dogs from puppy mills, where the dogs are treated badly, and the living conditions are horrible.

Most pet shops get there dogs from agents or farms and have no idea of the conditions of the breeding environment. We do not support this treatment of dogs and hope you will join us in doing this.

Breeding Chihuahuas

Breeding Chihuahuas

There is a very good reason why there are so few Chihuahua Breeders. It takes a very special dedicated person with a great love for the breed, who will sacrifice personal interests, finances, time and friendships to breed Chihuahuas.

It is extremely difficult to breed Chihuahuas and most Chihuahua pregnancies have issues. The Chihuahua breed has a big head and small body, which is a recipe for disaster if you think of delivering puppies, most pregnancies result in very expensive caesareans.

On top of difficult breeding, Chihuahuas rarely have litters of more than 2 puppies.

Breeders need to deal with fading puppies or puppies that struggle to suckle, and will need to tube or bottle feed the puppies every 2 hours. Breeders have many sleepless nights caring for mothers and puppies.

Chihuahua breeders breed for love and to improve the breed, it is not a get-rich-quick scheme; on the contrary you will mostly lose money initially.

Breeding Chihuahuas and caring for them properly is very expensive.

It takes years of trial and error before you really become a skilled Chihuahua breeder.

The future of the Chihuahua breed depends on our Chihuahua Breeders.

So let’s appreciate and support our Chihuahua breeders!

Why buy from a Chihuahua.co.za responsible breeder

Why buy from a Chihuahua.co.za responsible breeder

  • @ Chihuahua.co.za we only support responsible breeding - What is responsible breeding
  • A Contract must be given to you in the event of a pup being sold, if not please contact us so that we can follow up.
  • You will have peace of mind that your puppy is pedigreed
  • You will be able to view the bloodline and the parents
  • You will not be supporting puppy mills
  • You will get info from the Breeder long after the sale
  • MOST Breeders take precautions to prevent genetic conditions
  • You will not get scammed (If it sounds too good to be true it probably is)
  • If Requested, you will receive a registration certificate
  • You will be ensured a happy and healthy puppy

When you buy from a Responsible breeder you are ensured a puppy that will live a long, happy and healthy life.

Your puppy will shower you with puppy kisses and will love you for many years to come!

Why to NOT breed your Chihuahua

Why to NOT breed your Chihuahua?
  • It can endanger the life of your dam
  • It is a fulltime job to breed Chihuahuas
  • Chihuahuas are prone to C-Section due to large puppy head
  • You need extra money if something goes wrong, R4000 – R8000 for a C-Section
  • You can only have one or no pup and still have C-Section expenses
  • Do you have all the whelping supplies required? (Whelping box, heating blanket, towels, scissors, thermometer, iodine, cotton balls, disinfectant, etc.)
  • Dam and pups needs 24/7 care
  • Should dam not want to feed pups or puppy not suckling you need the knowledge and utensils to tube feed pup
  • You will tube feed every two hours day and night and will not sleep during this time
  • Need to have the facilities and knowledge to deal with fading puppies
  • Caring for more than one dog can be very expensive (veterinary bills, food, medicines, supplements, flea treatment, housing, etc.)
  • Screening potential buyers to ensure good homes for puppies
  • The terms purebred and registered do not guarantee quality, nor do they mean your dog should be bred. They only mean both parents are registered and from the same breed.

Registry Bodies

Please do your research on Breeder registry bodies, to understand what they subscribe to.

Breeder registry bodies:

Click here : POEM of a Chihuahua breeder

POEM of a Chihuahua breeder


I am a breeder who wants to learn everything I can about breeding and the safety of my girls and boys.

I am a breeder who never really knows it all and I am one who wrestles with decisions of conscience, convenience, and commitment.

I am a breeder who has sacrificed personal interests, finances, time, friendships, fancy furniture and deep pile carpeting. I have given up dreams of vacations more than 10 miles away or lasting more than 3 or 4 hours.

I am a breeder who goes without sleep in hours spent planning a breeding or watching anxiously over the birth process with my wonderful helper husband, and afterwards and for weeks, over every little wiggle or cry.

I am a breeder who skips going to many a holiday dinner because a litter is due or I can’t be away to long because Mother or babies need to be fed.

Some breeders are lucky enough to have friends and some family who truly understand and are supportive and do not hold it against you when you have to cancel plans or cannot make a family gathering.

I am a breeder whose lap is the greatest place for a Chihuahua or two to come for love and attention.

I am a breeder whose hands hurt painfully from arthritis, but are strong and firm and often soiled, but ever so gentle and sensitive to the thrusts of a puppy’s wet nose.

I am a breeder whose back and knees are usually arthritic from bending and sitting over the whelping box and puppy pen, but one strong enough to guide that new one to maturity.

I am a breeder whose shoulders are often heaped with responsibility, but are wide enough to support the weight of a thousand defeats and frustrations.

I am a breeder whose arms are always able to wield a mop, support an armful of puppies or lend a hand to a fellow breeder.

I am a breeder whose ears are wondrous things, sometimes red from being talked about, often deaf to criticism, yet always fine tuned to the whimper of an anxious puppy or adult Chihuahua.

I am a breeder whose heart is often broken, but beats strongly with hope everlasting and tries always to be in the right place.


The meaning of Responsible Breeding:

  • Chihuahuas will only be sold as pets
  • If Registration is requested, Breeder restrictions will be added on the registration
  • If the new owner are not in the position to keep the Chihuahua anymore, a closure will be added in the contract stating that the Chihuahua will be returned to the breeder
  • If the pup is sold to fellow breeders they must also understand the importance to not over flood the market with new breeders and the importance that the offspring must be sold as pets. It’s easy to sell the pup to a fellow breeder, and then they don’t support responsible breeding, thus it’s the breeders responsibility to think further
  • Adult sales: Make sure that he/she will be spayed (or added in the contract) or the breeder will neuter the adult before rehoming, thus preventing unwanted pregnancy and unwanted pups

Please Note:

Chihuahua.co.za will not be held responsible for any Sale agreements for puppies sold.

Chihuahua.co.za will only advertise the puppies and can't be held reliable for any puppies dying or sales that go wrong.